Types of Heat Pumps

Are you in the market for a new heat source for your residence? A high-efficiency heat pump could be precisely what you’re looking for. Many people know less about heat pumps than they do about furnaces or air conditioners, but new, energy-efficient models can split your heating costs in half. They also provide cooling in the summertime for year-round comfort from one system.

If we’ve sparked your interest, now you can learn more from the Experts at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing about the many types of heat pumps before you determine what’s best for your home.

What Makes Heat Pumps So Special?

Heat pumps are a special type of HVAC system capable of both heating and cooling. In the summer, they work similarly to an air conditioner, using electricity to remove heat from your home. Then, a reversing valve allows the equipment to run in reverse, drawing in heat inside to heat your home.

As well as this dual functionality, heat pumps are praised for their impressive efficiency. Because they convey heat rather than create it from a fuel source, heat pumps can reach more than 300% efficiency. This compares to a max of 98% efficiency for the most efficient available gas-fired furnaces. By opting for a heat pump, you’re not just picking a system that increases your home’s comfort; you’re promoting sustainability and energy savings.

Three Main Types of Heat Pumps

While heat pumps have a number of subcategories, each system falls into one of these main types:

Air-source heat pumps

This is the most commonly used type of heat pump. HVAC technicians find that setup is generally uncomplicated, and these systems perform extremely well in moderate climates. Air source heat pumps use the ambient air as a channel for heat exchange. In other words, they remove heat from the outside air during the wintertime and pull heat out of your home during the summer.

Water-source heat pumps

If your home is built close to a body of water like a lake, pond or well, a water-source heat pump might be an option. These systems use water as the means for heat exchange, providing another efficiency boost. While less common than air-source heat pumps because of the need for water nearby, these are a useful option for homeowners with the ideal environmental conditions.

Ground-source or geothermal heat pumps

If you’re looking for the single most efficient climate control method offered today, ground-source or geothermal heat pumps are good systems to consider. These units tap into the earth’s stable underground temperature to provide consistent and incredibly efficient heating and cooling. The downside to this variety of heat pump, however, is the complexity and expense of installation, which often calls for excavation to lay underground pipes.

Heat Pump Subtypes

Once you identify what heat pump style you want in your home, the next step is to choose the proper subtype. Your selections include:

Hybrid heat pumps

If you reside in a region with extreme temperature swings, hybrid heat pumps can give you the best of both worlds. These heat pumps come in two forms:

  • Combination air- and ground-source heat pumps vary between these two methods of operation, adapting to current weather conditions for optimum efficiency.
  • Combination air-source heat pumps and gas furnaces mostly use the heat pump when there’s relatively mild weather. Then, when temperatures drop, the gas-fired furnace kicks in, cutting down on the use of energy compared to the backup electric resistance heating coils that come standard.

Solar heat pumps

Combining green energy with home heating and cooling is a fantastic way to slash your energy bills and help the environment. Solar heat pumps work using power created by solar panels, the perfect setup for environmentally conscious homeowners who still want to benefit from modern climate control.

Heat Pump Installation Options

You have a couple of choices for setting up your heat pump:

Split-system heat pumps

This is the traditional setup for most of the homes already outfitted with ductwork. The inside unit is usually installed in the basement, attic or utility closet, while the exterior unit is located on a concrete slab in your yard.

Packaged heat pumps

In this setup, all mechanical pieces are placed in a single outdoor unit, often installed on the roof. This is ideal for homes or commercial buildings with limited indoor or yard space.

H4: Ductless mini-split heat pumps

Ductless systems, also referred to as mini-split systems, are designed for homes and additions that don’t have any ductwork. Every room can have an indoor unit attached to a single outdoor unit, offering targeted climate control and energy savings.

Window heat pumps

These small devices are ideal for small spaces or to meet short-term needs. While less efficient than other possibilities, they provide quick and easy installation.

Choose Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for Your Heat Pump Needs in the U.S.

If you want to to install a heat pump, call the knowledgeable professionals at Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing. With decades of combined experience, 24/7 emergency service and a one-year 100% satisfaction guarantee, you can trust we’ll deliver a job well done every time. Our skilled specialists will ensure your heat pump system is tailored to your needs, from installation to scheduled maintenance to occasional repairs.

Ready to indulge in home comfort and efficiency like never before? Contact Service Experts Heating, Air Conditioning & Plumbing for heat pump installation in the U.S.. Call 866-397-3787 today for your free, no-obligation estimate!

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